NCCR-Synapsy

The Synaptic Bases of Mental Diseases

Synapsy seminar series

We will invite speakers from all over the world to present basic or clinical work to our community and we will at the same time promote the Synapsy network. The seminars will take place over Zoom on a monthly basis, the last Monday of the month at 5PM (see dates below) and each talk will consist of one 45min presentation, followed by 15min discussion.

Seminars will take place on Zoom. Those interested in attending can contact Anoucka Junod for the login link.

January 25th – WP1

Sergiu P. Pasca
Stanford University, USA

Brain Organoids and Next-Generation Assembloid Models to Study Human Development and Disease

February 22nd – WP2

John Torous
Harvard Medical School

Beyond Telehealth: Advances in Digital Mental Health Research and Practical Clinical Considerations for Smartphone Apps in Care

https://connects.catalyst.harvard.edu/Profiles/profile/1243692

As use of telepsychiatry in mental health via video/phone visits soars, it is important to also consider how asynchronous telepsychiatry tools like a smartphone apps can also advance care. This talk will focus on the evolving field of smartphone digital phenotyping and consider the potential of real time data capture via smartphones, methods necessary to analyze such data, and practical clinical applications of these tools. Looking at the evolving smartphone mental health ecosystem, the talk will also cover the APA app evaluation framework as a tool to help make more informed choices about any related smartphone app for use in research or patient care.​

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41398-020-01123-7.epdf

and 

Torous J, Myrick KJ, Rauseo-Ricupero N, Firth J. Digital mental health and COVID-19: Using technology today to accelerate the curve on access and quality tomorrow. JMIR mental health. 2020;7(3):e18848.​

March 29th – WP3

Ami Klin
Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta and Emory University School of Medicine – USA

Developmental social neuroscience meets public health challenge: a community-viable healthcare delivery system for infants and toddlers with autism spectrum disorder

This presentation highlights the critical role of early diagnosis and intervention in attenuating the symptoms and in optimizing outcomes of toddlers with autism. Data will be presented on early diagnostic indicators obtained through eye-tracking-based behavioral assays that quantify the social disabilities in autism. The results of these assays were used to generate “growth charts” of normative social engagement, and the deviations from the norm were taken as early indicators of risk. These methods yielded high sensitivity and specificity for the screening of infants and toddlers. The ultimate goal of this effort is to develop objective and quantitative tools for the detection of autism in infancy and toddlerhood, tools that might be deployed in primary care practices. This work will be contextualized in terms of recent developmental social neuroscience research with toddlers with autism, which implicated developmentally very early emerging, and evolutionarily highly conserved, mechanisms of social adaptation that set the stage for reciprocal social interaction, which in term represent the platform for early social brain development. These mechanisms of socialization are under stringent genetic control, setting the scientific basis for parent-delivered, community-viable, early treatment in which social engagement is “engineered” via daily activities, thus impacting a child’s development during every moment of social interaction.

  • Jones & Klin (2013) Attention to eyes is present but in decline in 2–6-month-old infants later diagnosed with autism, Nature, 504(7480):427-31, doi:10.1038/nature12715
  • Constantino et al (2017) Infant viewing of social scenes is under genetic control and is atypical in autism, Nature, 547(7663):340-344, doi:10.1038/nature22999
  • Shults et al. (2018) Neonatal transitions in social behavior and their implications for autism, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 22(5), 452-469, doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2018.02.012
  • Klin et al. (2020) Affording autism and early brain development re-definition. Development and Psychopathology, 32(4):1175-1189, doi:10.1017/S0954579420000802

April 26th – WP4

Angela Roberts,
Professor of Behavioural Neuroscience
University of Cambridge

Prefrontal circuits underlying the regulation of negative emotion: a multi-disciplinary approach in non-human primates.

May 25th – WP5 ( ! Tuesday ! )

Huda Akil
University of Michigan School of Medicine